In Denmark, about 10,000 older people have a hip fracture, or a fractured thigh bone or neck of femur as it is also called. Fractures often happen after a fall or because the bones have become brittle. If you want to know more about what causes a hip fracture and how it can be prevented, you can find information in the patient handbook or on one of the following websites (some of which are in Danish only):
The Prohip project has prepared a Danish and a Swedish film about what happens when you have a hip fracture surgery.
How to prevent falls among the elderly
Many older people have falls. A fall is a very unpleasant experience and contributes to making everyday life insecure. You can read more about the causes of falls among older people and how you can take measures in your home to reduce the risk of falls:
- Patient handbook’s description of falls and prevention of falls (in Danish only)
- Prevent bicycle falls – booklet
- Keeping your balance – cheat your balance. Prevent falls, the Association of Danish Physiotherapists
Facts about falls –Around one-third of adults aged 65+ will experience at least one fall every year. Of those who fall, 50% will experience another fall. Women have more falls than men. Although only about 10% of all falls result in serious injury, about 20-30% of all hospital admissions represent injury resulting from falls. In about 5% of these cases, the fall results in a fracture, usually of the wrist, hip or back. Fractures are more common among older people who often fall (from www.sundhed.dk).
The Healthy Cities Network is a collection of municipalities collaborating on the knowledge of public health. They prepare films and information for local authorities.
- Healthy City – Prevention of falls among older people is a short film about how to avoid falls (in Danish only)
- Eight recommendations for fall prevention
What is osteoporosis? Here you can find information about osteoporosis, how you live with the condition and what you can do to prevent it (most websites are in Danish only).
- What is osteoporosis? The Danish Osteoporosis Society
- Want to know more about the prevention of falls if you have osteoporosis?
- Booklet about osteoporosis and exercises, the Association of Danish Physiotherapists
Osteoarthritis in the hip
Osteoarthritis, or arthrosis, is a condition resulting from the wear and tear of cartilage in the joints. When the cartilage is worn away, the bones will grind together in the joint and start rubbing against each other. This causes strong pain and limits the movement of the joint. The wear and tear increases with age but may also be a hereditary predisposition. Obesity and inactivity may also contribute to the development and aggravation of osteoarthritis. Here you can obtain general knowledge about osteoarthritis (arthrosis) and what you can do to ease the pain resulting from osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis, arthrosis, is a condition in which the cartilage in your joints is chronically broken down and possibly lost. When the cartilage is worn away, the bones will grind together in the joint and start rubbing against each other. This leads to strong pain and reduces the mobility and flexibility of the joint. Also, bony growth may develop around the edge of the joint, which may lead to pain. The joint may swell if the mucous membrane of the joint is irritated and produces additional synovial fluid which then accumulates in the joint. More than 50% of those aged 65+ have osteoarthritis in at least one joint. Osteoarthritis usually occurs when there is damage in the joint due to wear and tear over the years. Heredity, inactivity and obesity contribute to the development of osteoarthritis. Treatments consist of weight loss, physiotherapy and medicine. If the condition is very painful and movement of the joint is strongly reduced, a hip replacement may be necessary. More information about osteoarthritis in the hip is available at sundhed.dk
Surgery for hip osteoarthritis
If you have osteoarthritis in the hip, a surgery to replace your hip may be a possibility. Every year, about 8,000 Danes have a hip replacement. It is often a relief to get rid of the annoying pain, and many patients will be able to resume doings and activities that had been given up because of the osteoarthritis. Here you can watch a film about how Randi Pedersen came through her surgery for hip osteoarthritis (in Danish only).